When most folks discuss irregular warfare, I’ve come to believe that they actually want to talk about political warfare. It’s a rung up on the ladder and encompasses a whole lot more.
Political warfare is so big a term that you can be vague in speech and still make sense without inviting too much inquiry.
Political warfare encompasses many different aspects of national power. The military is one of them.
Another dive into irregular warfare, this time, from the 2020 Summary of the Irregular Warfare Annex the National Defense Strategy.
Irregular warfare is a struggle among state and non-state actors to influence populations and affect legitimacy.
The key difference here, again, is the word “violent.”
The document goes on to describe irregular warfare and the importance of institutionalizing it as the Global War on Terrorism (as a security paradigm) shifts to Great Power Competition.
Ok, so, how do you “do” irregular warfare?
Like many terms, it’s an umbrella term that encompasses a bunch of other things that you can “do.” To “conduct irregular warfare” means you are doing something else, or more likely, a combination of things, things that fall under it.
It’s similar to using the term “setting conditions” as a stand-in for actual activities. If you are setting conditions for something, it means you are taking some tangible action to prepare for some other result.
Often, we don’t say that specific thing we intend to do. And that’s bad. It leaves everyone confused.
And most people – military people especially – don’t like to admit they don’t know.
So, what are the things “under” irregular warfare?
It includes the specific missions of unconventional warfare (UW), stabilization, foreign internal defense (FID), counterterrorism (CT), and counterinsurgency (COIN). Related activities such as military information support operations, cyberspace operations, countering threat networks, counter-threat finance, civil-military operations, and security cooperation also shape the information environment and other population-focused arenas of competition and conflict.
Most of the above have their own field manuals.
Now we’re getting somewhere…
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